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Woman is born free and lives equal to man in her rights […] these rights are freedom, property, security, and especially resistance to oppression.

It did not help this revolutionary, feminist and writer that she lived in the times of the French revolution: she demanded that both slavery and the death penalty be abolished, that a luxury tax be levied to support the poor – and then she even called for equal rights for women in her famous paper Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen. While, in 1791, the French constitution was adopted, which was based on the Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen, Olympe de Gouges wrote her Déclaration des droits de la femme et la citoyenne – and ended up on the scaffold.



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